06 diciembre, 2014

CARTULARIES: an anglosaxon definition

Una definición anglosajona de "Cartularios".
Une définition anglo-saxonne de "Cartulaires".

"In principle, a cartulary is no more than a collection of transcripts of charters and other
title deeds belonging to one landowner, whether person or institution, and lay or ecclesiastical. As a collection of transcripts, it is thus no more than a particular, specialised form of register. It legal status in the Middle Ages was merely that of a collection of copies, which lacked any inherent claims to authenticity. It was drawn up for administrative purposes, to provide easy access to texts that were considered important; it was never intended to be a substitute for the original charters. It had no standard form, physically or organisationally. Physically, it began in the pre-Conquest period as the transcription of grants of tithes or privileges onto the flyleaves or outer pages of intrinsically precious texts such as bibles. In the twelfth and thirteenth centuries it emerged as a separate entity, and usually in book (or codex) form; but in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries a number of cartularies were written as rolls, this format presumably being found more convenient for use – perhaps by officials travelling around the estates to which the charters referred." [...]

Fuente / Font: Web UCL: University College London (2014).

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